Saturday, March 31, 2012
Shabbat Shalom all, all praise and esteem belongs to יהוה, and we are truly blessed and privileged to be able to be together as a family being built up in Messiah and praise and worship His Magnificent Name! We have a week to go before Pěsaḥ and Matzot (Passover and the Feast of Unleavened Bread) and I am certainly looking forward to celebrating His Feasts and rejoicing in יהוה, as we continue in our diligence in walking in His Righteousness!
Zeḵaryah/Zachariah 9:9 “Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Tsiyon! Shout, O daughter of Yerushalayim! See, your Sovereign is coming to you, He is righteous and endowed with deliverance, humble and riding on a donkey, a colt, the foal of a donkey.”
These prophetic words of Zeḵaryah were fulfilled just before Pěsaḥ when יהושע entered the city and came humbly sitting on a colt of a donkey as we see recorded as such in both Mattithyahu/Matthew 21:5 and Yoḥanan/John 12:15. At His arrival many came with great rejoicing as they worshipped and praised Him declaring, “Hoshia-na to the Son of Dawiḏ! Blessed is He who is coming in the Name of יהוה! Hoshia-na in the highest!”, while many others were disturbed at His arrival and sought to kill Him as Messiah certainly turned things upside down during the days leading up to the Pěsaḥ where He would be slaughtered for us all! He turned over the tables of the money changers in the Temple and he cursed a fig tree for having leaves but no fruit and was critically and closely inspected for 4 days, being found to have no evil or guilt and could therefore be the Perfect Lamb without spot or blemish that would take away the sins of the world! Just as there was mixed emotions at His first coming as a suffering servant, where some rejoiced while others did not; and so too we will see this happening at His second coming as the Righteous King, that there will once again be those who are rejoicing and those who are not. In a message tonight called, “Rejoice in יהוה, you righteous!” please turn with me to Tehillim/Psalm 97 (Read).
This Tehillah deals most certainly with His coming reign on earth and how we are to be a faithful rejoicing people. Before we look further into this Tehillah/Psalm I would just like to share with you briefly some of the Hebrew words in Zeḵaryah/Zechariah 9:9 that we opened with in order to set the scene of how we too, like those who rejoiced at His first coming, we are to be found to be truly rejoicing in our Maker, aměn!
Three words I want to expand on from Zeḵaryah/Zechariah are: ‘Rejoice’, ‘Greatly’ and ‘Shout’:
Rejoice – in Hebrew the root word used here is גִּיל gil – Strong’s H1523 meaning, ‘rejoice, be glad, be joyful’, and this joy may be expressed in song, shouts, or even joyous shrieks and calls and its root meaning is to ‘circle around or spin around’ and is applied to vigorous, enthusiastic expression of joy!
Greatly - מְאֹד meod – Strong’s H3966 and means, ‘muchness, force, speedily, utterly, abundance, exceedingly, great, and might as in strength’. This word is mainly used in Scripture as an adverb in expressing the idea of exceeding to the highest point!
Shout - רוּעַ rua – Strong’s H7321 meaning, ‘raise a shout for joy, make a joyful noise, give a blast or battle cry, shout in triumph, sound the alarm’, and figuratively is carries the meaning to ‘split the ears’!!! The word ‘Teruah’ comes from this root word, and so we can clearly see that on the day of Yom Teruah/Day of Trumpets or the Day of the Awakening Blast there will be a resounding shout and cry from the heavens that will be met by few with great rejoicing, and by many it will be heard in shock as this sound will split the ears of the whole earth!
In understanding these words as prophesied in Zeḵaryah/Zechariah, we can get a better picture or understanding into the events that took place on that day when יהושע entered the city and came humbly sitting on a colt of a donkey. There was a great rejoicing and shouting going on – can you picture the elation and the joy and excitement on the faces of those who knew who He was – they gave it their all and they rejoiced exceedingly and with great noise, so much so that the religious leaders started asking questions and tried to silence His taught ones telling יהושע to rebuke them to which He replied that if they would be silent even the stones will cry out!!!
Have you ever rejoiced in יהוה like this? Shouting aloud in great excitement and ‘spinning around’ so to speak with great joy expressing it with great gusto? Well we need to be rejoicing in this way, for the day we hear the sounding of the Trumpet Blast, we are to be found to be a people who are rejoicing in Him continually until He comes for us.
For once again not only will the righteous be rejoicing, but ‘the stones’ will too as we see in verse 1 of Tehillim/Psalm 97 that the earth rejoices and many isles are glad – this speaks of many distant lands or peoples (living stones) rejoice and are glad – why – because יהוה reigns!
In essence the summary of this Tehillah is this:
There is a stark contrast described between the fate of the wicked nations and that of Yisra’ĕl, and in this Tehillah we see the use of some very dramatic and often frightening terms that are used in regards to the devastation that יהוה is bringing upon His enemies! We see how ‘fire goes before Him and burns His adversaries” and “His lightnings shall light the world and the earth shall tremble and the mountains shall melt like wax”.
We see this language being used clearly in Ḥazon which speaks of that which comes from His Dwelling Place and that which will precede form there in judgement upon the earth:
Ḥazon/Revelation 8: 5-9 “And the messenger took the censer, and filled it with fire from the altar, and threw it to the earth. And there were noises, and thunders, and lightnings, and an earthquake. 6 And the seven messengers who held the seven trumpets prepared themselves to sound. 7 And the first messenger sounded, and there came to be hail and fire mixed with blood, and they were thrown to the earth. And a third of the trees were burned up, and all green grass was burned up. 8 And the second messenger sounded, and what looked like a great mountain burning with fire was thrown into the sea, and a third of the sea became blood, 9 and a third of the living creatures in the sea died, and a third of the ships were destroyed.”
Ḥazon/Revelation 4:5 “And out of the throne came lightnings, and thunders, and voices. And seven lamps of fire were burning before the throne, which are the seven Spirits of Elohim.”
Ḥazon/Revelation 11:19 “And the Dwelling Place of Elohim was opened in the heaven, and the ark of His covenant was seen in His Dwelling Place. And there came to be lightnings, and voices, and thunders, and an earthquake, and great hail.”
Ḥazon/Revelation 16:18 “And there came to be noises and thunders and lightnings. And there came to be a great earthquake, such a mighty and great earthquake as had not came to be since men were on the earth.”
In contrast to these events that will catch many by terrifying shock and surprise, the people of Tsiyon will rejoice and celebrate the announcing and arrival of Our Redeemer and King, and this Tehillah/Psalm concludes by addressing the righteous in exhorting them to continue in being steadfast in their opposition to evil as the promise of the hope of the great reward of eternal joy is still secure. And as we consider carefully the very clear and definitely different fates that await the wicked in contrast to the righteous; we should naturally and immediately appreciate the value of walking in and staying in righteousness and be bold and confident in resisting the pressures and temptations that the world throws at us in trying to get us to join in with the fleshly ways of the wicked and unrighteous. What is also clear is that we while the cloud and darkness from which His righteous judgement and right-ruling come forth from, Light is sown for the righteous; and this too should inspire us to abhor evil and commit our lives daily in total devotion to Elohim – and our ability to be a righteous rejoicing people, rejoicing in יהוה is what will encourage and inspire us to just that.
Verse 2 makes it clear that righteousness and right-ruling/justice are the foundation of His Throne; and this refers to the basis on which יהוה’s rule is exercised, and could be expressed simply as, “He rules people in a way that is right and just, and He rules them from behind clouds and darkness.”
His Torah is His rule and that is the basis by which He rules, therefore no one is without excuse for He has made known His Righteous Right-Ruling through Mosheh and it has been revealed through the life, death and resurrection of Messiah!
In us being able to further understanding that this Tehillah speaks of that which is still to come, we see how verse 6 echoes the same imagery in the words יהושע spoke concerning the end days in:
Mattithyahu/Matthew 24:29-30 “And immediately after the distress of those days the sun shall be darkened, and the moon shall not give its light, and the stars shall fall from the heaven, and the powers of the heavens shall be shaken. 30 “And then the sign of the Son of Aḏam shall appear in the heaven, and then all the tribes of the earth shall mourn, and they shall see the Son of Aḏam coming on the clouds of the heaven with power and much esteem.”
When He comes, all those who have served ‘carved images’ and the man-made worship systems which are carved images of preferred worship of the work of man’s hands will be put to shame – all their boasting in their belief systems that are not grounded in Torah shall be finally revealed and exposed as matters of nought and every knee shall bow before the Coming King!
Yirmeyahu/Jeremiah 10:13-16 “When He makes His voice heard, there is a roaring of waters in the heavens. And He makes vapours rise from the ends of the earth. The lightnings for rain He has made, and brings wind from His treasuries. 14 Everyone is brutish in knowledge; every smith is put to shame by his idol. For his moulded image is falsehood, and there is no spirit in them. 15 They are worthless, a work of mockery. In the time of their punishment they perish. 16 The Portion of Yaʽaqoḇ is not like these, for He is the Maker of all, and Yisra’ĕl is the tribe of His inheritance – יהוה of hosts is His Name.”
Ḥazon/Revelation 14:8-12 “And another messenger followed, saying, “Baḇel is fallen, is fallen, that great city, because she has made all nations drink of the wine of the wrath of her whoring.” 9 And a third messenger followed them, saying with a loud voice, “If anyone worships the beast and his image, and receives his mark upon his forehead or upon his hand, 10 he also shall drink of the wine of the wrath of Elohim, which is poured out undiluted into the cup of His wrath. And he shall be tortured with fire and sulphur before the set-apart messengers and before the Lamb. 11 “And the smoke of their torture goes up forever and ever. And they have no rest day or night, those worshipping the beast and his image, also if anyone receives the mark of his name.” 12 Here is the endurance of the set-apart ones, here are those guarding the commands of Elohim and the belief of יהושע.”
For many this day will come as a huge and very frightening shock, but not so for those who are awake and looking for the blessed hope – those who are faithfully enduring as they guard the commands of Elohim and the belief of יהושע.
Verse 8 echoes this truth – Tsiyon shall hear and be glad and the daughters of Yehuḏah rejoice – because of the right-rulings of יהוה!
Tsephanyah/Zephaniah 3:14 “Shout for joy, O daughter of Tsiyon! Shout, O Yisra’ĕl! Be glad and rejoice with all your heart, O daughter of Yerushalayim!”
The closing verses of Tsephanyah 3 speak of the great joy of Yisra’ĕl that realises and recognises their Redeemer and King – He who has turned aside judgement and has faced the enemy and overcome and will no longer need to fear evil for the Sovereign of Yisra’ĕl, יהוה is in our midst – and He sings over us!!!
This shout for joy is a command! Be glad and rejoice with all our heart – can you do that knowing that יהוה is in our midst? We have reason to rejoice!!! יהושע Messiah has turned aside our judgements by facing our enemy and taking our sin upon Himself and defeating death, that we may live with Him forever and this is the woe that goes out to those who rebel and defile His word – you will die if you do not repent and fear the Righteous One in our Midst.
The 4 words used here in Tsephanyah/Zephaniah 3:14 that express the true rejoicing are:
1) The first ‘Shout’ is רָנַן ‘ranan’ H7442 meaning ‘to overcome, cry out, shout for joy, give a ringing cry, sing aloud’, often also translated as praise.
2) The second ‘Shout’ is רוּעַ rua – Strong’s H7321 as we have already mentioned earlier
3) ‘Be glad’ - שָׂמַח ‘samach’ – Strong’s H8055 and means, ‘to rejoice, be glad, be joyful, delight in and be elated’. A derivative of this word is שָׂמֵחַ ‘sameach’- Strong’s H8056 and carries the same meaning as well as implying ‘to be merry’. Both of these words are used in the command to rejoice in Deḇarim/Deuteronomy 16:14 & 15.
The word ‘samach’ can also carry the meaning ‘to brighten up’, giving us the picture how we are to carry His joy as the light of the world and let praise and rejoicing abound!
4) ‘Rejoice’ - עָלַז alaz – Strong’s H5937 and means ‘exult, become jubilant’ and the word describes an emotion of joy expressed in singing and shouting and is a natural response to the faithful!
Once again we see the clear description in Scripture as to the joyful and jubilant expression of rejoicing that is done by the faithful remnant that walks in righteousness!
Now part of walking in righteousness and our ability to be a rejoicing, singing, shouting and praising people is that we who love יהוה must hate evil!!! We must hate all evil, and if we know that love is more than just a feeling as it is obedience to the instructions and commands of the One we love, then clearly hate, being the opposite of love, clearly expresses that we are to not submit or bow to the evil and wicked ways of the enemy and the fleshly luring of the world’s ways, which include man-made religious systems – we are to hate them – that is to stay far away that which is not of Elohim. The word for hate in Hebrew expresses an emotional attitude toward persons and things which are opposed, detested, despised and with which one wishes to have no contact or relationship. It is therefore the opposite of love. Whereas love draws and unites, hate separates and keeps distant. Here in this Tehillah, the command is clear – hate evil! Now when we look at Scripture we clearly see what יהוה hates and we too are to hate what He hates. It understanding the times and as we go forward to ensuring that there is no leaven in our lives, let us see what things we are to hate and be done with as this is made very clear to us that we are to be done with evil in:
Mishlĕ/Proverbs 3:7 “Do not be wise in your own eyes; Fear יהוה and turn away from evil.”
Tehillim/Psalm 37:27 “Turn away from evil, and do good; And dwell forever.”
To hate evil means to turn away from it and do good – that is to walk in the Torah, following Messiah that gives us eternal life!
Let us look now at the things that are to be hated as seen in Scripture:
Tehillim/Psalm 101:3 “I set no matter of Beliya’al before my eyes; I hate the work of those who fall away; it does not cleave to me.”
This speaks of the ‘work of quitting’ – it takes work to fall away – especially when you know to do good. Hate that which tries to tell you that you do not have to keep the commands and tries to lure you into the evil notion of a belief only doctrine. This also speaks of not giving up – we are not of those who draw back to destruction, but rather we are of those who press on in the belief and maintain the good works of righteousness!
Tehillim/Psalm 119:104 “From Your orders I get understanding; Therefore I have hated every false way.”
Hate every false way – how? By understanding the orders of יהוה, being able to present yourself as a skilled workman approved to Elohim who does not need to be ashamed, rightly handling the Word of Truth! How will you know every false way and turn away from that which is false if you do not know the Truth!!! Hating every false way means ‘loving His Torah’ and doing it!
Amos 5:21 “I have hated, I have despised your festivals, and I am not pleased with your assemblies.”
יהוה hates and despises false worship and so should we! No matter how sincere many may be in their institutionalised worship systems – if it does not line up with the plumb line of the Torah it is false and must be hated and turned away from! Many in the modern church use this verse as a verse to claim that we no longer have to keep the Feasts of יהוה as He hates and despises their festivals! This is not saying that we are no longer to keep His Feasts. What it is saying is that He hates ‘your’ festivals – in other words what they had made His Feasts in to. יהוה here is referring to man-made feasts of falsified worship that have been devised to suit their own fleshly whims and desires of compromise and comfort. יהוה hates false worship and the falsification of feasts that many claim is about Him, when it has nothing to do with Him but is rather pagan rooted sun-worship practices clothed in twisted truth and is an abomination before Him. Even while at the time of Amos, Yisra’ĕl may have been gathering at the Appointed Times, yet the feasts they were observing were observed in such a way that it was no longer focused upon יהוה and the Truth of His Word but rather had syncretised its practices with the abominable worship of the surrounding nations and had become man-driven festivals which no longer adhered to the plumb line of Torah! The Christian church and its pagan rooted feasts of false worship He hates and so too should we, turning far away from it!
What we are to LOVE are His Feasts as instructed for us to keep in every generation, given clearly in Wayyiqra/Leviticus 23 – for these are His Appointed Times! His Feasts – our rehearsals! Anything beyond this by means of adding or taking away He hates!
Zeḵaryah/Zechariah 8:17 “And do not plot evil in your heart against another, and do not love a false oath. For all these I hate,’ declares יהוה.”
False oaths and plotting of evil יהוה hates! Let your yes be yes and your no be no lest you fall into judgement (Ya’aqoḇ/James 5:12)!
Tehillim/Psalm 119:163 “I have hated falsehood and loathe it, Your Torah I have loved.”
Once again – love for the Truth will enable and cause you to turn away from falsehood. If you do not hate something you will not leave it!!! And the ability to hate that which is false and leave it is only increased as you love – that is to obey – His Torah! Many people will say that they hate some of the things they do but cannot stop – what they are in effect saying is that they are not making the necessary effort in loving the Torah!
We must learn to do what is right and mean what we say – if we say we love Him then obey Him!
Mishlĕ/Proverbs 12:22 “Lying lips are an abomination to יהוה, But those who deal truly are His delight.”
Romiyim/Romans 12:9 “Let love be without hypocrisy. Shrink from what is wicked, cling to what is good.”
Do not be a hypocrite – do not say you love יהוה while you do not follow his commands, but rather leave all wickedness and evil and cling to what is good – are there is only One who is Good – Our Good Shepherd – the Living Torah!
Tehillim/Psalm 119:113 “I have hated doubting thoughts, But I have loved Your Torah.”
A doubting mind is a divided mind or rather double minded, unable to make up their mind and this is a very unstable state to be in, for Ya’aqoḇ tells us that a double minded man is unstable in all his ways. Again, how do you tackle the issue of double mindedness? Loving the Torah – and doing what is clearly instructs – there is nothing double minded about that!
Let us further look at that which יהוה says He hates:
Mishlĕ/Proverbs 6:16-19 “These six matters יהוה hates, And seven are an abomination to Him: 17 A proud look, A lying tongue, And hands shedding innocent blood, 18 A heart devising wicked schemes, Feet quick to run to evil, 19 A false witness breathing out lies, and one who causes strife among brothers.”
A proud look speaks of self-sufficiency and the inability to put your total trust and reliance on יהוה. He hates lies and lying tongues, devising of wicked schemes, those who walk disorderly, gossipers and slanderers, and he utterly hates strife that is caused by those who seek to bring division among brothers – this of course is one of the underlying traits of the Izeḇel/Jezebel spirit which יהוה hates and will destroy!
When one considers that which יהוה hates it is very clear that He hates any other way that is contrary to His written Word. These 3 verses speaks of the hate He has for the breaking of His commands – do not have any other mighty ones before His face, do not lie, steal, commit murder, bear false witness or commit adultery – for those things He hates!
The promise we have is that He guards His lovingly committed ones and delivers them from the hand of the wrong. Those who love יהוה and hate evil He protects and this is certainly worth rejoicing about, aměn!
Light is sown for us as we guard the good deposit, walking in the Light as children of Light, having our hearts filled with gladness and the ability to joyously praise our Maker!
As we close we come now to the last verse in Tehillim/Psalm 97, giving us once again the clear reminder and instruction that we, the righteous, are to rejoice in יהוה. The word used here for ‘rejoice’ is שָׂמַח ‘samach’ – Strong’s H8055 as mentioned earlier; and we are to give thanks to Him and that is the word יָדָה yadah – Strong’s H3034 and means, ‘to cast or throw’ and this word as a verb with the root meaning ‘the extended hand’ or ‘throw out the hand’ really expresses the nature of the action of praise unto יהוה.
יָדָה yadah means ‘to lift hands; to give thanks; confess, praise; make confession; shoot; to cast out or cast down’.
יָדָה yadah in practice would be to lift my hands in gratitude and thanks, expressing a surrendering of self totally unto יהוה! Sha’ul tells us in his letter to Timotiyos/Timothy that he wants men everywhere to lift up their hands in prayer! We know the victory that total surrender brings! When Mosheh lifted up his hands in prayer and supplication and praise unto יהוה Yehoshua had victory on the battlefield, and when his arms were down Yehoshua faced some defeat! Lifting hands in surrender unto יהוה is for me a great expression of praise unto His Name. It is an acknowledgement of His Name as יהוה of hosts – head of the heavenly host that battles for us, He is our banner – the one under whom we walk, He is our healer, shepherd, provider – He is our peace and He is our Saviour! Lifting hands unto Him reveals our acceptance of His work and provision and confesses our reliance upon Him, where we recognise that our hands cannot bring what He brings and so we lift up hands in praise in devotion to declaring His authority and rule over our lives!
The instruction is clear – REJOICE IN יהוה, YOU RIGHTEOUS!
Let our lives reflect true and pure rejoicing as we make our rejoicing in יהוה heard and known, lifting our hands unto Him and fleeing all evil as we consider and realise the very different fates that await the wicked and the righteous!
As Pěsaḥ approaches and we consider how they rejoiced back then, may we again be encouraged to be a rejoicing people, who love the Torah and make His praises known in all the earth, aměn!
Saturday, March 17, 2012
GREATLY PRAISING THE GREAT I AM!
Shalom family! Tehillim/Psalm 147:1 “Praise Yah! For it is good to sing praises to our Elohim. For it is pleasant – praise is fitting.”
How many of you often struggle to really praise יהוה? And I mean really praise Him with your all? We are to be a praising people who are offering up continual praise to Elohim, no matter the circumstances we find ourselves in, and so tonight I want us to be reminded to not neglect our giving of praise to our Mighty Maker, יהוה our Elohim. In a message tonight called, “Greatly praising the Great I AM!” I want us to look at a magnificent Psalm of praise! Please turn with me to Tehillim/Psalm 145 (read).
This beautifully constructed masterpiece of Dawiḏ “A Song of Praise of Dawiḏ”, which some translations tend to leave out and in the Hebrew is תְּהִלָּה לְדָוִד meaning, ‘Tehillah of Dawiḏ’. Now the word תְּהִלָּה tehillah Strong’s H8416 means, ‘praise, or a song of praise’ and comes from the word הָלַל halal Strong’s H1984 which means, ‘to shine; to be boastful; to be clear; to make a show; to rave; be foolish; to celebrate; praise, cheer, brag or extol, i.e., extol the greatness or excellence of a person, object or event.’
Tehillah carries the meaning of thanksgiving or speaking positive words about the excellence of another and often these words are in the context of being sung. It also gives the meaning of the act of general or public praise. Tehilla also speaks of that praise which comes forth from the heart – certainly something that Dawiḏ understood how to do, because He understood who it was He was praising! What is interesting to note is that although this word, tehillah, although used around 57 times in Scripture, is only used once as a title of a Psalm – here in 145. The plural form of this, Tehillim, from which has come the traditional Hebrew name for the book of Psalms - ‘SeferTehillim’ or ‘Book of Praises, and many regard this is the crown jewel of praise by Dawiḏ which is a grand hymn of praise for יהוה the Great King and His majestic reign and gracious acts-including the deliverance of His people. It serves as the closing frame of the five prayers of Dawiḏ seeking rescue from wicked enemies as seen in Tehillim 140-144.
This Tehillah of praise is well constructed and is in the form of an alphabetic acrostic, with each succeeding verse beginning with a succeeding letter of the Hebrew alphabet-with the exception, according to the Masoretic Text, of the letter נ nun. Verse 13 begins with a מ mem and verse 14 with a ס sameq, skipping the letter נ nun however the Dead Sea Scrolls have revealed that they contain a verse between 13 and 14 containing the letter נ nun and renders the translation as added by more recent translations as “Elohim is faithful in all His words and kind in all His works”. Be that as it may, despite many different theories as to why or why not this line is in or out, what we see here is a wonderful Tehillah of praise for a Mighty Elohim and I would like for us to look at some key words contained herein that will expand our understanding of the great praise that is due to the Great I AM!
Dawiḏ declares straight up “I exalt You, my Elohim, o Sovereign and bless your Name!”
The root word used here for אֲרוֹמִמְךָ “arumimcha” - ‘I exalt you’ is רוּם rum Strong’s H7311 which means ‘to rise, raise up, be high and lifted, exalted’. Dawiḏ is declaring that He lifts up and exalts Elohim – this is whom he is praising – Mighty Elohim and declares that he will abundantly bless his Name forever and ever!!! The word ‘forever’ in Hebrew already emphasises permanence and everlasting, continual and never ending praise, yet he adds the word translated as ‘ever’ emphasising that his praise and ability to bless the Name of the Mighty Elohim will last for eternity.
Our praise shall be as eternal and everlasting as the Elohim we praise – in whom there is no end!
Luqas/Luke 1:33 “And He shall reign over the house of Ya’aqoḇ forever, and there shall be no end to His reign.”
Just as there shall be no end to the reign of Messiah, so shall there be no end to our praise of Him!
This is the one thing that we have been called to do now that we will continue to do in eternity, and we are to praise Him here and now as we sojourn, no matter what circumstances we find ourselves in!
Tehillim/Psalm 35:28 “And my tongue shall speak of Your righteousness, Your praise, All day long.”
Can you declare this as Dawiḏ does? All day long – bless and praise and speak of His righteousness?
Tehillim/Psalm 44:8 “In Elohim we shall boast all day long, and praise Your Name forever. Selah.”
All day long people may twist your words (Tehillim/Psalm 56:5) or you may be plagued all day long (Tehillim/Psalm 73:14) and may even be reproached all day long (Tehillim/Psalm 102:8), but will you bless and praise His Name all day long?
Dawiḏ declares that Elohim alone is great and greatly to be praised! The word for ‘great’ is גָּדוֹל gadol – Strong’s H1419 and means, ‘great, highest, mighty, marvelous’ and he says in:
Shemuʼĕl Bet/2 Samuel 7:22 “You are great indeed, O Master יהוה. For there is none like You, and there is no Elohim but You, according to all that we have heard with our ears.”
We serve a great Ěl who must be greatly praised!!! The word used here for greatly is מְאֹד meod – Strong’s H3966 which carries the meaning of, ‘muchness, abundance, diligently, exceedingly, excessive, fully, immense’. I think we get the picture here!!! Our diligent praise for our Great and Mighty Ěl must be in abundance and exceedingly immense which continually grows and grows in intensity as His greatness is unsearchable!
Romiyim/Romans 11:33 “Oh, the depth of riches, and wisdom and knowledge of Elohim! How unsearchable His judgments and untraceable His ways!”
In verse 4 we clearly see the call for us to heed the responsibility of passing on the necessity of great praise to the next! Each generation needs to ‘catch’ the intensity of the praises of the last and echo them with and urgency of passing this passionate and zealous praise to the next, and so we have a responsibility here and now to make known His Greatness and this is not done in silence! The word used in verse 4 for praise is שָׁבַח shabach – Strong’s H7623 which means, ‘to laud; to praise; commend; congratulate; to address in a loud voice; proclaim; make exuberant statements as to the excellence of someone’. It is also used in:
Tehillim/Psalm 63: 3 “Because Your kindness is better than life, My lips do praise You.”
Shout aloud His praises! How sad it is when so many are seemingly afraid to give a shout offering to יהוה! In Tehillim/Psalm 117:1 the Hebrew word ‘shabach’ is translated into English as ‘extol’ which gives the meaning ‘to praise highly’. In other words – lift up your voice and praise! And this is what is done generation to generation – but how will the next generation know how to lift up their voice and praise of the preceding one does not show them!!!
We are to lift up our voice and praise and we are to ‘declare’ His mighty acts! The word for declare is נָגַד nagad – Strong’s H5046 meaning, ‘make known, announce, declare, publish and stand out boldly in opposition’. We are to be a bold and loud people who praise and declare His works and acts – are you doing that? For starters, in order to do that you need to know just what His works and His mighty acts are!!! If you do not know Him and His word you cannot lift up your voice with boldness and praise and this is the responsibility we carry in ensuring that the next generation will do the same! Sadly we have inherited lies and so there has been a large gap in the ability to exceedingly and boldly praise יהוה, which we now as a people must take up the responsibility in restoring this awesome and great privilege and responsibility, aměn!
In verse 5 the repeated word for declare is not the same but rather is שִׂיחַ siach – Strong’s H7878 meaning, ‘talk, meditate, sing, speak’ and the basic meaning of this verb seems to carry the picture of rehearsing or repent or go over a matter in one’s mind and is used in reference to silent reflection on the works of Elohim, and so we see that we are to not only have the silent reflections and meditations but we are also to rehearse aloud His works. As the world battles for the attention of the mind through ever increasing tactics of very attractive and ever increasing forms of media persuasion, we need to realise just how important it is for us to be renewing our minds daily, guarding against the danger of being conformed to the patterns of this world and at the same time we need to make our voice of praise and the declaration of our lips heard with great passion and zeal so that the next generation are not lured away by the fleshly attraction of the world!
Who says praising יהוה and declaring His mighty acts is boring? We have a huge responsibility in showing that it is far from it, but rather it is a great joy and delight and far better that the fleeting passions the world has to offer – and it is up to us to live it and show it!
We are to be a praising, singing and declaring people – verse 7 tells us that the righteous sing of His righteousness. The word used for sing here is רָנַן ranan – Strong’s H7442 and means, ‘to give a ringing cry!’ That is to ‘cry for joy, cry aloud, joyfully sing, shout for joy or sing aloud for joy’! I often think that we, at times, read these verses without recognising the intensity of the passion and love for Elohim that Dawiḏ had and lack the fire for praise and singing and declaring that he had, hence the need for me to expand on the meaning of these most powerful words that ought to bring alive the desire to praise and shout aloud to our Great King!
It is often very easy to see in the world how so many will give a ringing cry and shout aloud for their ‘sporting heroes’ – just look at a rugby or soccer match and see how the ‘fans’ will scream and shout and get all ‘dressed up’ to shout and scram for their heroes. Many will even know all the stats of their favourite players and talk about them to others, while when it comes to praising and giving a ringing cry of joy for יהוה they suddenly lose their tongue, which simply reveals what is in the heart! We are to be a people who are willing to give a joyous ringing cry for our wonderful Maker and Creator, clothed continually in garments of righteousness and praise!
In the verse 7-9 as well as 17 we see some very illustrative words of the personality of יהוה, which certainly brings us clarity as to who we are to be greatly praising:
We see words such as:
Goodness; righteousness; compassionate; patient; lovingly-committed and good to all!
His goodness is the object of our praise and it is His goodness that ensures us of His doing things right, reflected in His justice and righteousness being the foundation of His throne. His righteousness speaks of His steadfastness of not deviating from His decreed standard and He is patient and compassionate toward us:
Ya’aqoḇ/James 5:11 “See, we call those blessed who endure. You have heard of the endurance of Iyoḇ and saw the purpose of יהוה, that He is very sympathetic and compassionate.”
Tehillim/Psalm 86:15 “But You, O יהוה, are a compassionate Ěl and showing favour, patient and great in kindness and truth.”
He is patient and good to all:
Kěpha Bet/2 Peter 3:9 “יהוה is not slow in regard to the promise, as some count slowness, but is patient toward us, not wishing that any should perish but that all should come to repentance.”
Dawiḏ continues to strengthen his cause for praising Elohim in declaring the superiority of יהוה declaring the splendour of the reign of יהוה, the Mighty Elohim who has made all and that all creation will praise Him. This Tehillah certainly reveals to us what was upon the heart of Dawiḏ. There is a link between what in on our hearts and what is expressed from our mouths – we speak what is upon our hearts. There are many who love to talk about sport and the latest results, while others love talking about their careers or the latest fashion trends or money or even the weather! If you want to know what someone holds dear to their hearts – in other words ‘what they care about’ then just listen to their speech and hear what they passionately talk about.
Mishlĕ/Proverbs 16:23 “The heart of the wise gives discretion to his mouth, and he increases learning to his lips.”
If our hearts are set on wisdom and praise, our mouths will speak and declare accordingly and if they are set on others things that will certainly come out too!
Mishlĕ/Proverbs 4:23 “Watch over your heart with all diligence, for out of it are the sources of life.”
Let me simply tell you that this is a fact: If our hearts are filled daily with יהוה’s presence and His Living word as we eat our daily lawful bread, then we would not stop talking about Him to others – what is on your heart?
Verse 12 speaks of our urgent need to make known to the sons of men His mighty acts – now to do that our hearts need to be filled with His mighty acts and to have our hearts filled we need to be digging in and studying and meditating upon His Word – being filled with the witness of His mighty Acts.
In verse 14-16 we see the provision of יהוה and how He is powerful and awesome and is tender and focused upon our needs. He upholds or supports the falling – in other word’s we can lean on Him, and when we do we are sure not to fall, as He carries our burdens and satisfies our desires. Verse 16 puts it beautifully: Opening Your hand and satisfying the desire of all that live! He has not withheld His Hand from us – He has extended His Hand and opened it up before us and extended His loving-commitment toward us that we may be satisfied in Him.
יהוה is lovingly-committed in all His works and that is a great assurance for us for eh remains steadfast in His commitment to His love toward us and will not break His covenant with us – this we can be sure of and we are called to guard loving commitment
Hoshěa/Hosea 12:6 “Therefore, return to your Elohim. Guard loving-commitment and right-ruling, and wait on your Elohim continually.”
He is lovingly-committed and He expects us to be too and our ability to praise, sing and declare His Name and His mighty works continually will equip us in striving to guard loving commitment and right ruling.
Verse 18-19 reminds us how יהוה is near to us – he is near to those who call upon His Name and we need to declare this to remind us of this fact – as we draw near to Him, He draws near to us! When we call He is there – when we call upon Him in Truth that is!!! Many are calling upon Him in vain – let us not do that but as we guard loving-commitment and right-ruling then we are well equipped to walk in Truth and are able to call upon Him who is near!
Verse 20 gives the reminder of the assurance that יהוה preserves or is the keeper of all those loving Him, and as we all know what loving Him is – but I will remind you anyway:
Yoḥanan Aleph/1 John 5:3 “For this is the love for Elohim, that we guard His commands, and His commands are not heavy.”
Yoḥanan Aleph/1 John 2:3 “And by this we know that we know Him, if we guard His commands.”
He preserves those who loving Him and destroys those who are not – that simple!
When Sha’ul told Corinth that knowledge puffs up, but love builds up I believe he was referring to a greater truth than what is taught in error today as you hear many will say that all the learning we do on the Torah walk will just puff us up and we lack love. Well as we see that Scripture is clear – love is not merely an emotion but rather is an ability to guard and obey His commands and so here what Sha’ul was saying is this – if you just get knowledge and do not walk in that knowledge then it will puff you up, whereas love for elohim is the application or the doing of the knowledge that we gain through meditating upon His Good Word!
Dawiḏ ends this Tehillah with a bold reminder that his mouth will speak the praise of יהוה - that is His praise – not our own – we speak His praise and all flesh must bless His set-apart Name – forever and ever!!!
Are you greatly praising the Great I AM?
I want to end with showing what words are linked with the Name of יהוה in this Tehillah, as a summary of who we are to be praising and why:
גָּדוֹל יהוה - ‘gadol Yahweh’ – The Great יהוה (Verse 3)
חַנּוּן וְרַחוּם יהוה – ‘ḥanun v’raḥum Yahweh’ – Gracious and Compassionate יהוה (Verse 8)
טוֹב־יהוה - ‘toḇ Yahweh’ – Goodness of יהוה (Verse9)
יוֹדוּךָ יהוה – ‘yoducha Yahweh’ – We praise you יהוה (Verse 10)
סוֹמֵךְ יהוה - ‘somech Yahweh’ – יהוה upholds/supports (Verse 14)
צַדִּיק יהוה - ‘tsaddiq Yahweh’ – Righteous יהוה (Verse 17)
קָרוֹב יהוה – ‘karoḇ Yahweh’- יהוה draws near (Verse18)
שׁוֹמֵר יהוה – ‘shomer Yahweh’ – יהוה is the keeper (Verse 20)
תְּהִלַּת יהוה – ‘tehillat Yahweh’ – praise of יהוה (Verse 21)
I hope that as you read through this tehillah that you will be greatly encouraged to be greatly praising the Great I AM.
This Tehillah is certainly a song of praise that can lift our hearts into praising Him and it has been customary for many to actually pray or recite this 3 times a day! I am not telling you to do that, but I do believe that as we meditate on these words we will grow in our ability to boldly sing, praise, declare and exalt the Name of the Most High – no matter where we are or what we are going through for we serve and praise a great, gracious, compassionate, and righteous El who upholds us, keeps us and in near to us when we call for He is Good and His loving-commitment endures forever!
Praise is an integral part of the body for which we all must partake in and it carries great significance in regards to the completeness of the service of the House!
Melaḵim Aleph/1 Kings 9:25 “And three times a year Shelomoh brought burnt offerings and peace offerings on the altar which he had built for יהוה, and he burned incense with that which was before יהוה – thus gave completeness to the House.”
3 times a year (Feasts times) slaughter and peace offerings were brought giving completeness to the House. So much so that we see in the next chapter:
Melaḵim Aleph/1 Kings 10:1 “And the sovereigness of Sheḇa heard of the report of Shelomoh concerning the Name of יהוה, and came to try him with hard questions.”
She saw the witness of Shelomoh and witnessed the completeness of the House through its service and function and she saw the standard of excellence displayed in the service of the House of Elohim, which resulted in her praising יהוה!
We need to take up the responsibility of bringing the excellence of pure worship and praise in service to יהוה back into the body that is being built up in Messiah as we let the praises of our King and the voice of joy and gladness be heard!
In speaking of what will once again be heard in the House of יהוה, we see in:
Yirmeyahu/Jeremiah 33:11 “the voice of joy and the voice of gladness, the voice of the bridegroom and the voice of the bride, the voice of those who are saying, “Praise יהוה of hosts, for יהוה is good, for His kindness is forever,” of those who are bringing the offering of praise into the House of יהוה. For I shall turn back the captivity of the land, as at the first,’ declares יהוה.”
Iḇ’rim/Hebrews 13:15 “Through Him then, let us continually offer up a slaughter offering of praise to Elohim, that is, the fruit of our lips, giving thanks to His Name.”
Let us greatly praise the Great I AM and let others witness and see the completeness of the House being rehearsed daily, that may result in many turning to and praising יהוה!
ARE YOU GREATLY PRAISING THE GREAT I AM?
Saturday, March 10, 2012
WHO IS WISE AND UNDERSTANDING?
Shemuʼĕl Aleph/1 Samuel 25
Shalom family, all praise and esteem unto יהוה our Mighty Elohim.
In a day and age where true wisdom from Elohim is scoffed at we see the sad tragedy of so many who are absolutely clueless of what lies ahead; and what we need to realise, as servants of the Most High, is the critical necessity of continually giving our ear to hearing the Torah of יהוה, guarding it in our hearts and be found daily to be doing all He has commanded us to, or else we may too find ourselves “sleepwalking” like so many who will be awakened at the sound of the Trumpet blast to a tragic reality of their vain attempts at worship and heading for judgement lest they turn and repent!
Ya’aqoḇ/James 3:13 “Who is wise and understanding among you? Let him show by his good behaviour his works in meekness of wisdom.”
In a message tonight called, “Who is wise and understanding?” I would like us to look at a passage of Scripture that carries great lessons for us in making sure we are awake, and listening attentively to The Word of יהוה. Please turn to Shemuʼĕl Aleph/1 Samuel 25 (Read)
In a nutshell what we see in this chapter is the following – Dawiḏ is on the run from Kings Sha’ul who is seeking his life and at this point, after already sparing Sha’ul’s life we see Dawiḏ going down into the Wilderness of Paran, after the death of the great prophet and last judge of Yisra’ĕl, Shemuʼĕl, had died and was buried in his home town of Ramah. While in the Wilderness Dawiḏ sends 10 of his men to a rich sheep farmer to ask for some food and supplies for him and his men in light of how they had shown favour to Naḇal’s shepherds. Naḇal responded arrogantly and refused, which angered Dawiḏ who was ready to wipe out Naḇal and all his men when Aḇiḡayil, the wife of Naḇal, interceded and provided a great provision for Dawiḏ and his men and pleaded with him to relent to which Dawiḏ blesses her faith and courage and listened to her plea. When she told her husband the next day, Naḇal’s heart died within him and turned to stone and 10 days later יהוה struck him and he died, and Dawiḏ asked Aḇiḡayil to be his wife, which she accepted and so became his wife.
That is the basic outline but there lies a whole lot more for us to absorb and understand in gaining a greater shadow picture of the events that lie ahead at the soon 2nd coming of our Bridegroom, יהושע Messiah. Let us look at some key passages that paint this wonderful picture for us that we may be encouraged to be found to be a wise and understanding Bride, ready and dressed in Righteousness, hearing, guarding and doing His commands with great joy!
Before we do that here are a couple of passages to start off with in terms of being wise and understanding:
Tehillim/Psalm 119:104 “From Your orders I get understanding; therefore I have hated every false way.”
Tehillim/Psalm 119:130 “The opening up of Your words gives light, giving understanding to the simple.”
Mishlĕ/Proverbs 2:6 “For יהוה gives wisdom; out of His mouth come knowledge and understanding.”
Mishlĕ/Proverbs 4:5 “Get wisdom! Get understanding! Do not forget, and do not turn away From the words of my mouth.”
Mishlĕ/Proverbs 4:7 “The beginning of wisdom is: Get wisdom! And with all your getting, get understanding.”
We need to be a people who ‘get’ wisdom and understanding – and where do we get it from? From יהוה – from out of His mouth – that is His Word – and it is from His ‘orders’ that we get understanding – His orders are His precepts/commands and so we have to ask “how do we get these?” That is easy to answer – by HEARING!
For those who may have forgotten, remember the word in Hebrew for ‘Hear’ is the root word שָׁמַע ‘shama’ – Strong’s H8085, which carries the meaning not just simply to hear, but rather to ‘listen with attention, comprehend and discern, give heed to what is being spoken’.
Understanding our need to be a people who are listening attentively and giving heed to His Word in a time when most are not let us now look a little deeper at Shemuʼĕl Aleph/1 Samuel 25:
In verse 1 we see how the scene is set: Shemuʼĕl died! Shemuʼĕl the great prophet and last judge of Yisra’ĕl had died. Shemuʼĕl - שְׁמוּאֵל Strong’s H8050 means ‘El has heard’ or some translate it as ‘name of El’ and is from the passive participle of 1 - שָׁמַע shama – Strong’s H8085 which we have already mentioned as meaning ‘hearing and understanding attentively and completely’ and 2 - אֵל el – Strong’s H410 meaning ‘mighty, power or mighty one’ and is also used as a title of יהוה. Understanding this in the context and setting of this chapter we see a very powerful metaphor being described by the death of Shemuʼĕl in a twofold way: The prophet who declared the Name of El was dead – and so in one sense we see that the ‘hearing of El’ had died and in another we can see how El had closed His ears to a rebellious people – a picture of how it shall be and now is in the last days when many stop obeying יהוה and close their ears to the Truth, substituting the Truth for ear tickling lies and as a result will not be heard by Him!
Hoshěa/Hosea 4:10 “And they shall eat but not be satisfied, they shall whore but not increase, for they have stopped obeying יהוה.”
Zeḵaryah/Zechariah 7:11-12 “But they refused to listen, and they shrugged their shoulders, and stopped their ears from hearing. 12 “And they made their hearts like flint against hearing the Torah, and the words, which יהוה of hosts had sent by His Spirit through the former prophets. Therefore great wrath came from יהוה of hosts.”
People are dying for lack of knowledge and those who reject His knowledge and refuse to give ear to His Torah He will reject them from being priests for Him! We are called to be a royal priesthood and if you refuse to hear His Torah, He will reject you form being a priest for Him! Serving as a priesthood carries with it great responsibility and as we have seen in the Torah portion of late regarding the instructions of the Tabernacle, its service and furnishings we see clearly that there is a clear and prescribed way of doing the service in the Tabernacle. What we are to remember is that the Tabernacle was a shadow of what is in Heaven and when people neglect to understand how the service in the Tabernacle is prescribed with all it details, then in essence they are neglecting to understand what is in Heaven and are in fact in rebellion for neglecting to reflect that which is in Heaven by adhering to the commands of Elohim as they shut their ears from His Torah!
In Yirmeyahu we see 3 instances where Yirmeyahu is even commanded to not intercede for the rebellious as He will not hear:
Yirmeyahu/Jeremiah 7:16 “And you, do not pray for this people, nor lift up a cry or prayer for them, nor make intercession to Me, for I do not hear you.”
Yirmeyahu/Jeremiah 11:14 “And you, do not pray for this people, or lift up a cry or prayer for them, for I do not hear them in the time that they cry out to Me because of their evil.”
Yirmeyahu/Jeremiah 14:11-12 “And יהוה said to me, “Do not pray for this people for their good. 12 “When they fast, I do not hear their cry. And when they offer burnt offering and grain offering, I do not accept them. Instead, I am consuming them by sword, and by scarcity of food, and by pestilence.”
These very sobering words of יהוה not hearing is not without cause – you reject Him and close your ears to the hearing of His Torah then He will close His ears to your prayers!
Mishlĕ/proverbs 28:9 “He who turns away his ear from hearing the Torah, even his prayer is an abomination.”
So many today who are turning their ear away from the Torah, should heed these words lest their prayers be abominable before יהוה!
This may sound very harsh as we all may argue that He heard our prayers while we did not walk in the Torah. Now as true as that may be for many can bear witness to answered prayers, what we must understand is that while He may have heard many prayers of His children while in bondage – the fact of the matter is that when He comes to fetch His Bride, He is coming for a ready dressed Bride who is walking in the Torah and those who are not walking in the Torah and refuse to hear, guard and do will awaken to the reality that their prayers have been in vain. So while this verse echoes a harsh reality may we be awake to the fact that we are to be giving our ear to the Torah, which means to hear and do, so that our prayers are pleasing before Him and not strange and profane.
In setting the stage for the reality of the last days we see that Dawiḏ went down to the Wilderness of Paran. Now we know that it is in the Wilderness journey that we learn to hear the voice of יהוה. Dawiḏ would then make his journey to Naḇal from Paran, and as we mentioned last week Paran, meaning ‘place of caverns’ and also from the root word means ‘especially beautiful/adorned, gleaning’ and this language would have been familiar to Yisra’ĕl as it would remind them of that which Mosheh spoke before his death and would be a sober reminder to repent and return to יהוה who comes from His beautiful hiding place and being prophetic in nature to His second coming!
In verse 2-3 we are then introduced to Naḇal, who was a very rich farmer in Maʽon and his work in Karmel. Naḇal -נָבָל Strong’s H5037 means … ‘FOOL’… yes … ‘fool, senseless, foolish’!!! This man was a FOOL!
Maʽon - מָעוֹן Strong’s H4584 means ‘habitation or dwelling place’ and Karmel - כַּרְמֶל Strong’s H3760 means ‘plentiful, fruitful, fertile land’. From this we get a clear picture – a fool who was dwelling in luxury! This guy had it all – according to the flesh that is and in the world’s eyes was extremely wealthy.
His wife, Aḇiḡayil - אֲבִיגַיִל Strong’s H26 means ‘my father is joy/glad’ and as we see through this story that she truly represents how we are to serve our Father with joy, for if we do not then we cannot serve Him at all! She was a woman of good understanding and beautiful – beauty and brains – a picture of the remnant Bride being adorned with Righteousness and walking in the understanding thereof. Sadly she married a fool – it may seem an odd mix, but sometimes marriages were arranged and we do not know how they came to be married – perhaps she was lured by initial attraction and then she remained a faithful wife, even interceding for her foolish husband.
Naḇal was described as ‘hard and evil’ in his doings – in other words he was not doing righteousness! The word used here for hard is קָשֶׁה qasheh – Strong’s H7186 and means ‘hard, harsh, cruel, obstinate, stiff necked and stubborn’ and evil is רַע ra – Strong’s h7451 and is used to mean ‘ evil, bad, wicked, selfish, deadly, harmful’. I think we all get the picture – this guy was a rich wicked, cruel and stubborn man! How did he get such a wife? Perhaps through manipulation – we don’t know but we see this kind of odd mix many times in the world today and Aḇiḡayil lived up to the future words of Sha’ul and Kěpha on being submissive wives with the incorruptible ornament of a meek and peaceable spirit, which is of great value before Elohim.
Dawiḏ heard that Naḇal was shearing sheep and sends 10 of his men to go in peace to Naḇal and ask for some supplies for Dawiḏ and his men. יהושע told His disciples:
Mattithyahu/Matthew 10:11-15 “And into whatever city or village you enter, ask who is worthy in it, and stay there until you leave. 12 “And as you enter into a house, greet it. 13 “And if the house is worthy, let your peace come upon it. But if it is not worthy, let your peace return to you. 14 “And whoever does not receive you nor hear your words, when you leave that house or city, shake off the dust from your feet. 15 “Truly, I say to you, it shall be more bearable for the land of Seḏom and Amorah in the day of judgment than for that city!”
Dawiḏ’s men extended his shalom but were not received by a stubborn and wicked man!
What is striking in the context of some key markers in this passage is that in verse 8 they told Naḇal “We have come on a good day”. This language used indicates that it was not just an ordinary day but rather gives reference to a ‘Feast day’ and in the context here I see this as a shadow of Yom Teruah! Dawiḏ sent his men to announce that he was here and expected to be received and welcomed by a man who certainly had the means to be hospitable, yet was denied and so the wrath of Dawiḏ was about to be unleashed upon this fool who refused to welcome them! This time of ‘shearing sheep’ is also a picture for us of a time of exposing the false garments of those who have claimed to be worshippers of Elohim yet are simply sheep that have gone astray in their vain traditions and dogmas! Yeshayahu/Isaiah 53:6 “We all, like sheep, went astray, each one of us has turned to his own way. And יהוה has laid on Him the crookedness of us all.”
The solution to us all who went astray (and we all have for we have all sinned and fallen short) is to turn to Him who saves us and acknowledge Him. Sadly many who close their ears to the Torah are denying and bringing the Name of יהוה to nought!
In verse 10 Naḇal says, “Who is Dawiḏ?” Now everyone knew who Dawiḏ was – he had killed Golyath/Goliath and was a national hero and Aḇiḡayil, Naḇal’s wife had recognised and realised that Dawiḏ had already been chosen by יהוה to be king as we see clearly by her words in verse 30; yet this stubborn fool was too stiff necked to humble himself and serve the future king and his men and was intentionally insulting Dawiḏ by making himself sound important because of his wealth. It was widely known that Dawiḏ was soon to be king and that Sha’ul sought his life because Dawiḏ had been anointed to become king. Naḇal was wrong, while Aḇiḡayil remained meek and interceded and fell on her face before Dawiḏ and pleaded with him not to bring about the killing of her wicked husband and his men.
We know the result of the story – Naḇal was cast down while Aḇiḡayil was lifted up:
Tehillim/Psalm 147:6 “יהוה lifts up the meek ones, He throws the wrong ones down to the ground.”
Dawiḏ’s’ words to his men meant business and this wise and humble wife appeased him from carrying out his plans:
Mishlĕ/Proverbs 16:14 “The sovereign’s wrath is a messenger of death, But a wise man appeases it.”
Naḇal not receiving Dawiḏ is a picture of how the Yehuḏim did not receive יהושע and have been given time to repent until He comes again! So many today are simply just too comfortable in their fleshly living standards that they simply refuse to acknowledge and submit to the coming King! And while they may accept falsified names and vain presentations of the Creator, when confronted with the Truth they simply refuse to acknowledge and are basically declaring, “Who is יהוה?” or “Who is יהושע?” And by doing so are basically declaring by their rebellious attitude toward the Torah and their lawless actions that there is no יהוה, and this is the wickedness of a fools talk!
Naḇal was a fool and showed it by his foolish words revealing the wickedness that was in his heart:
Tehillim/Psalm 14:1 “The fool has said in his heart, “There is no יהוה.” They have done corruptly, they have done an abominable deed, there is no one who does good.”
There are many today who are as foolish as Naḇal and are too in essence declaring that there is no יהוה, for by their corrupt living that is contrary to Torah they are bringing His Name to nought for which he will not leave unpunished anyone who brings His Name to nought!
In the great intercession of Aḇiḡayil, Dawiḏ blesses her for her courage and faith and her speaking up is a picture of the spirit of Eliyahu that must come again before the Great and Awesome Day of יהוה.
Mal’aḵi/Malachi 4:5-6 “See, I am sending you Ěliyahu the prophet before the coming of the great and awesome day of יהוה. 6 “And he shall turn the hearts of the fathers to the children, and the hearts of the children to their fathers, lest I come and smite the earth with utter destruction.”
It is through His faithful remnant Bride that He will send Eliyahu in preparing for His coming, as we begin to lift up our voice in the Wilderness and stand up for righteousness!
Aḇiḡayil made it on time – for Dawiḏ would have struck the next morning, but had now accepted her hand her gift and when she got home her husband was drunk – he was exceedingly drunk and so she did not talk to him until the next day when he was sober.
In understanding this picture of how the world, which Naḇal represents, will be given over to partying and drinking and feeding the flesh to the tilt and will be like the days of Noaḥ before the flood not knowing the times and are unable to hear His trumpet call to repentance:
Mattithyahu/Matthew 24:37-39 “And as the days of Noaḥ, so also shall the coming of the Son of Aḏam be. 38 “For as they were in the days before the flood, eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, until the day that Noaḥ entered into the ark, 39 and they did not know until the flood came and took them all away, so also shall the coming of the Son of Aḏam be.”
Well here we see a picture of what will happen – The Trumpet will blast and only the Remnant will be ready and have their hands filled with that which id for Messiah. When Naḇal heard the words he had a stroke – his heart died within him and he became like stone! A clear picture of those who refuse to submit and obey – they will even get harder – his heart was no longer able to have the Torah written on it and his wickedness reached a climax:
Ḥazon/Revelation 22:11 “He who does wrong, let him do more wrong; he who is filthy, let him be more filthy; he who is righteous, let him be more righteous; he who is set-apart, let him be more set-apart.”
In verse 38 we see a key pointer to the Feast of Yom Kippur – ten days later יהוה smote Naḇal and he died! It is on this Day that יהושע will come out of the Most Set-Apart Place and tread the winepress and all who have not received Him will be destroyed. The 10 days between Yom Teruah and Yom Kippur we will see that the Trumpet will be sounded to gather the bride and will be a time of testing through trials as the plagues are poured out and the remnant is called to hold fast and endure. I firmly believe that those who do not respond to the Trumpet call will as Naḇal keep on drinking and going their own merry way to destruction but those who hear the voice of the shofar will respond and are called to endure these 10 days until יהושע comes out and takes us as His Bride.
Hear the words of יהושע in:
Ḥazon/Revelation 2: 8-11 “And to the messenger of the assembly in Smurna write, ‘This says the First and the Last, who became dead, and came to life: 9 “I know your works, and pressure, and poverty – yet you are rich – and the blasphemy of those who say they are Yehuḏim and are not, but are a congregation of Satan. 10 “Do not be afraid of what you are about to suffer. See, the devil is about to throw some of you into prison, in order to try you, and you shall have pressure ten days. Be trustworthy until death, and I shall give you the crown of life. 11 “He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the assemblies. He who overcomes shall by no means be harmed by the second death.”
This will be a time of separating the sheep and the goats – those who claim to be believers but are not and are of the congregation of Satan as their vain worship of inherited lies is blasphemy – will be shown up for who they are and who they have been worshipping. The faithful are called to endure 10 days and overcome!
Dawiḏ heard that Naḇal was dead and then sent for and spoke to Aḇiḡayil, to take her as wife. The word used here for ‘take’ is לָקַח laqach – Strong’s H3947 and means ‘to take, to fetch, to lay hold of, marry or take a wife ’ and this in the Hebrew mind draws the picture of a Hebrew wedding when at the sound of the Last Trumpet the groom comes to fetch His Bride and take her as wife. The other term typically understood in the groom coming to take His Bride is נָשָׂא nasa – Strong’s H5375 which means ‘lift up, carry, take, exalt, and accept’. This word is used in verse 35 when Dawiḏ told Aḇiḡayil that he had listened to her voice and accepted her face!
What a wonderful picture of Messiah who comes for His Bride and accepts her face and hears her voice – she is accepted in the Beloved and is taken up – this is marriage language!!!
In verse 41 she presents herself to wash his servants feet, showing great humility as a wife of the Coming King who had been on the ‘battlefield’ and here we see the picture of preparation for the wedding – for Messiah’s feet will be full of the Blood of the winepress and His feet will be washed by the tears of repentance of the Bride, washing away the wickedness He has tramped and destroyed.
Aḇiḡayil then takes haste to get ready and rises up and rides on a donkey – she had been exalted to a new position with the King יהוה had chosen and takes with her 5 maidens on her way to her wedding! This is a great picture of Sukkot and here we again see end time pictures as the 5 maidens represent the 5 wise maidens who had oil in their lamps who listen attentively and understand the times, while the other 5 foolish maidens who were not ready and did not hear His voice were not able to enter the wedding feast.
What we also see as a wonderful picture of the Full Bride of Messiah is in verse 43 when the record states that Dawiḏ had also taken Aḥinoʽam of Yizreʽĕl as wife and so both were his wives. This is clearly a picture of the two houses coming together as a Bride unto Messiah!
אֲחִינֹעַם Aḥinoʽam – Strong’s H293 means ‘my brother is delight’ and coming from Yizreʽĕl, which means ‘those יהוה has scattered’ as seen in Hoshěa 1:4-11 which refers to the Northern Kingdom, whose brother Yehuḏah has acted as a redeemer to bring them back from exile. It also shadow pictures Messiah in Yosĕph who redeemed his brothers in Mitsrayim and so we see a wonderful picture here of the Feast of Sukkoth being celebrated by a complete Bride having been brought together to be one with Messiah!
Why does this passage carry great instruction for us? Well we can clearly see a picture of future events and can be encouraged to not be stiff necked and foolish as Naḇal, but rather walk in humility and wisdom like Aḇiḡayil. Our King is Coming and when that Trumpet sound blasts are you ready to stand firm dressed in His armour or will you be found wanting!
Eph’siyim/Ephesians 5:6 “Let no one deceive you with empty words, for because of these the wrath of Elohim comes upon the sons of disobedience.”
Let us not be found to be drunk on the wine of the wrath of the whorings of Baḇel but walk as children of light filled with the Spirit of Wisdom.
Mishlĕ/Proverbs 10:6-8 “Blessings are on the head of the righteous, but violence covers the mouth of the wrong. 7 The remembrance of the righteous is blessed, but the name of the wrong ones rot. 8 The wise in heart accepts commands, but one with foolish lips falls.”
Will you be wise and accept his commands or a fool whose words and actions will fall? This wise accept the King’s commands and are ‘accepted’ before Him as He lifts us up as we come and bow and humble ourselves before Him!
Who is wise and understanding? Let it be seen in your life as you walk in the Torah with all meekness – for the meek shall inherit the earth!